What is fibre?
Fibre is the indigestible portion of plant foods. Fresh fruits, whole-grain loaves of bread, cereals and vegetables have high fibre content. Beans are also an incredible source of fibre, and there are many kinds. Fibre provides roughage and is helpful for bowel movements.
What is a low-fibre diet?
A Low Fiber Diet is comprised of foods with low residue content. This diet helps to reduce fecal mass and avoids intestinal pressure. A low fibre diet is sometimes used to treat chronic diarrhea, colitis and other gastrointestinal disorders. However, higher fibre diets have recently been employed for these purposes. This diet is convenient for pre-and post-operative abdominal surgery.
If the patient can consume milk or yogurt, a Low Fiber Diet is adequate in all nutrients, except iron for females.
What is the purpose of a low fibre diet?
The low fibre diet is designed to decrease the size and number of bowel movements to ease intestinal discomfort. They are commonly used to treat a wide range of intestinal disorders. It is also often used after the colostomy placement until the area heals. Some intestinal disorders also require low fibre diets during acute flare-ups. These include acute intestinal inflammation, Crohn’s disease and acute diverticulitis.
However, a low-fibre diet should only be followed for the short term. Later, a regular, higher fibre diet should be resumed once the acute symptoms have subsided.
FOOD GROUPS LOW IN FIBER
Fruits and vegetables:
Choose only well-cooked and canned products without seeds. One should avoid consuming raw fruits and vegetables, all berries, dried fruits, prunes and prune juice, broccoli, cabbage, Brussels sprouts, peas, and winter squash.
Starches, bread and cereals:
Refined rolls, muffins, biscuits, slices of bread, crackers, white flour, waffles, pancakes, plain pastries, cooked cereals (grits and cream of wheat), dry cereals (corn flakes and puffed rice and wheat), white rice, pasta, sweet and white potatoes without skin, and mashed…